When we began our 'Searching for the Grey Lady' project in June 2019, the only clue to the First World War at Mary Wardell's hospital on Brockley Hill was one black and white photograph reproduced in an illustrated history of the RNOH by Derek Sayers.
In this episode we explore the back story to the carefully posed group in the 1914 photograph - the nurses and the men, who are identified as Belgian soldiers.
In the centre of the group is a blackboard, and we can decipher "...souvenir de notre séjour a l'Hospital Mary Wardell à Stanmore Angleterre.." and "Guerre Européenne 1914" - translated as "...a memory of our stay at the Mary Wardell Hospital...European War 1914."
Then "Les Inséparables Carabinieres" - the "Inseparable Riflemen", followed by the signatures of the men - which are difficult to decipher. The Belgian population and army, including "Les Inséparables Carabinieres" in our photograph, were the first to experience the devastation that would characterise the First World War, as they resisted the German invasion of their neutral country on August 4th, 1914.
Between late August of 1914 and May 1915, 250,000 Belgian refugees arrive in Britain, the largest influx of political refugees in British history. Throughout Britain 2,500 committees were established in local councils, for the purpose of looking after the interests of Belgian Refugees.
In October 1914,The Oxbridge and West Drayton Gazette announce that the Mary Wardell Convalescent Home, Stanmore, Middlesex, is occupied temporarily as a hospital for Belgian soldiers under the management of the Wounded Allies Relief Committee acting in consultation with the War Office and Red Cross Society.
The nurses in the photograph are almost certainly from the 'Voluntary Aid Detachment', known as VADs, a voluntary unit of civilians providing nursing care for military personnel in the United Kingdom and the British Empire. In this Episode we hear excerpts from The British Journal of Nursing Supplement, describing the National Council of Trained Nurses' determined battle to ensure that only trained nurses, and not volunteers, provide nursing care for the wounded:
On November 2nd, 1915, The Matrons' Council of Great Britain and Ireland passed the following Resolution, which was subsequently forwarded to the British Red Cross Society:
" That in the opinion of this meeting only nurses who are fully trained should be sent to nurse the sick and wounded in time of war, and that no base hospital can be considered properly equipped which has not such a staff of nurses."
In this series of podcasts we have revealed how the evolution of the RNOH has been shaped by National crisis and challenge – from the poverty and epidemics of infectious diseases in the late Nineteenth Century, followed by the unprecedented challenges of the First World War.
This history of the RNOH Stanmore is, in the words of historian Barbara Tuchman, a 'distant mirror' to our own challenging times.
Listen to the amazing stories selected from newspapers and archives discovered during our search for the Grey Lady, and read here by the podcast's wonderful participants - RNOH patients, volunteers, staff, and the wider RNOH Stanmore family. Click on the photographs to read more:
Cast in order of performance:
Narrators: Keith Reeve
Sound Design: Louis Morand (https://www.louismorandsound.com/ )
Pegleg Productions warmly thanks the Radio Brockley team, the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore and all those who generously volunteered to take part.
"Episode 5: AUGUST 1914" is available to listen or download in the Podcast section of the Radio Brockley website: